Each LERU University has one/two member(s) in the Information & Open Access Policy Group, usually the Head Librarian/Chief Information Officer. The activities of the group are guided by a steering group.
The Information & Open Access Policy Group is active on the topics of open access to publications and research data, and open science. The implementation of the LERU roadmap on Open Science will be a key aspect for consideration by this policy group. The group will also continue to examine negotiations between universities and publishers, Plan S in particular.
The LERU Information & Open Access Policy Group monitors and is active on the topics of the EU Agenda such as Open Science policy platform, European Open Science Cloud
At the meeting in Dec 2019, the following were discussed
– Plan S – state of play, by Marc Schiltz, President of Science Europe[i]
-Open Science in Horizon Europe, by Kostas Glinos, HoU Open Science, DG R&I, EC
-Sharing best practices in supporting researchers / authors in LERU universities for the Future of Scholarly Publishing
-Citizen Science, by Mathieu Schneider, Uni of Strasbourg’s vice-president for citizen science
-Wiley contract and the negotiations with SpringerNature (and Elsevier)
-Report on the cooperation with libraries in the EUCOR network
[i] What is Open science
Based on cooperative work and new ways of diffusing and sharing knowledge using digital technologies and new collaborative tools
- A systemic change to the way science is organised and research is carried out
- Open Science is to science what Web 2.0 was to social and economic transactions
- It affects the whole ‘business cycle’ of doing science and research
- Shifting focus to ”sharing knowledge as early as possible”
- 2014 Public consultation on ‘Science 2.0: Science in Transition’
In 2015 the European Commission identified five lines of potential policy actions to support the development of Open Science in Europe. The potential interventions build on the expectation that Open Science will eventually lead to better science, by making science more credible (addressing scientific integrity), reliable (better and transparent verification of data), efficient (avoid duplication of resources) and more responsive to societal challenges.
The five lines of potential policy actions are:
- Fostering and creating incentives for Open Science, by including open science in higher education programmes, identifying good examples and best practices, and extending the input of knowledge producers in a more open science environment (including citizen science). It is also about guaranteeing the quality, impact and research integrity of (open) science;
- Removing barriers for Open Science, which implies among other a review of researchers’ careers with a view on creating incentives and awarding researchers for engagement with Open Science; address legal constraints and uncertainties;
- Mainstreaming and further promoting open access policies to research data and publications and wherever possible to proceed to open scholarly commons ranging from open scientific discovery and analysis to open research assessment, outreach and publication;
- Developing research infrastructures for Open Science, to improve data storage, access and governance, develop a common framework for research data including a European Open Science Cloud; and,
- Embedding Open Science in society as a socio-economic driver, whereby Open Science becomes instrumental in making science more responsive to societal and economic expectations, notably by motivating knowledge coalitions of stakeholders to address the grand societal challenges.
The Information & Open Access Policy Group monitors the development of the EU Agenda. The Group focus on pro-actively influencing EU policies and examine ways to assist members in their implementation of the recommendations of the LERU roadmaps and advice papers.
Open Access is good for the researcher and for research because it removes barriers to accessing research caused by high subscription costs. Immediate Open Access is good for research because it enables research fronts to be developed more quickly through the global sharing of outputs.
The LERU Information & Open Access Policy Group had a consultation and discussion among the LERU members regarding the next steps of the implementation of the LERU OS Roadmap.